Poker Glossary

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Reg: 07/01/2008
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Donkr 7 years ago
Glossary

A

Act: To do something when it's your turn, one of: check, call, fold, open bet, and raise

Add on: Some tournaments allow players the opportunity at a certain point to buy additional chips whilst the game is going on

Advertise: Bluff in an obvious manner, or make a point of showing a bluff after winning with it.

After-hours game: A private game, played after a cardroom closes for the night, often held in a motel or hotel room, and sometimes crooked.

Aggressive: A style of play characterized by frequent raising and re-raising. Some players play their hand by the kind of hands they have and if they do like their hand then they play aggresiavialy with that hand

Ahead: If the deal is one position to your right, you are ahead of the deal

All-In: Moving their chips all into the pot or all into the bet leaving them with nothing

Alone player: A card thief working with no confederates.

Ammunition: A request for more chips

Ante: A small forced bet that everyone at the table is required to pay before each hand.

Aquarium: Place to find fish, as part of the phrase “Don’t tap on the Aquarium”

Automatic: In a must bet situation

B

Bad beat: The situation in which a strong hand is beaten by a long shot or improbable hand, particularly when the holder of the eventual winning hand should never have been in the pot in the first place.

Backing: The cash supplied by a backer. How you going to get into the tournament? I thought you were broke. I have backing.

Back into: Winning back into a hand unexpectedly or by default

Backraise: Make a small raise to prevent further or larger raises, when the number of raises in a betting interval is limited

Back seat: late position

Back to back: I drew two cards and caught kings back to back.

Bait: A small bet made to encourage a raise

Bank: Cashier

Bankroll: the total amount of money one is willing and able to put at risk. Many players keep their poker bankrolls separate from their other finances.

Behind: Before the last cards have been dealt, you either have the best hand or you don't. If you don't, you're said to be behind

Bend: Mark a card by creasing or folding slightly.

Best flush: A form of draw poker found only in home games, in which only flushes win. If there are more than one flush, the best one wins, exactly as if two or more flushes were competing in an ordinary game.

Best hand: A cheating technique, necessarily involving signals, in which only the best hand among two or more partners is played in any one pot, thereby saving the others money when that hand is beat, and reducing the difficulties of figuring out who gets how much at split time

Best of it: When you have the edge over anyone at the table

Bet: To bet is to put money into the pot, usually by opening as later action in a round is a raise or a re-raise

Big Bet: Describing a pot -limit or no-limit game.

Big Blind: A blind bet, or blind, is a forced bet that must be posted before you see any cards

Big hand: A powerful hand, perhaps a full house or better in high poker, or a 6 or better in lowball

Big limit: One of the largest games played in a particular establishment or area.

Big player: A big-limit player, or someone who plays in large no-limit games.

Black: Black is the most common color for $100 chips.

Blind: It’s an automatic bet which goes straight into the pot before the cards are given out

Blind Bet: A blind bet, or blind, is a forced bet that must be posted before you see any cards.

Bluff: A bet with a weak hand (typically a busted hand), usually intended to get other players to fold. A bluffing player usually has little or no chance of winning a showdown, but may suspect that other players will fold if they have not made strong hands either.

Bottom Pair: If there are three cards of different ranks on the flop in hold'em (or any flop game), and you pair the lowest one, you have bottom pair.

Burn: In order to reduce the chances of players getting advance information about cards to come, in many games the top card on the deck is discarded at certain pre-determined points in the dealing process (e.g., in hold'em, before the flop, turn, and river).

Bust: To run out of money, especially in a tournament.

Busted Hand: A hand in poker without so much as a pair (i.e., any hand that will lose to a pair of 2's)

Button: A button is a marker, usually a plastic disc, used to mark a particular position at the table. Usually "the button" refers specifically to the dealer button, used to mark the dealer position, or the player playing in that position

Buy-In: The amount of money with which you enter a game is your buy-in.

C

Call: I match a bet: Putting in the same amount as the current bet.

Calling Station: A player who calls much too often is called a calling station

Cap: In limit games, the cap is the limit on the number of raises in a round of betting

Cardroom: Cardrooms are the rooms in which poker is played, or the organizations that run those rooms

Cards Speak: Cards speak is simply the rule that the value of your hand is determined solely by your cards. You don't have to declare your hand properly in order to claim the part of the pot you deserve

Catch: When the cards are treating you well, you are said to be catching card

Check: If there has been no betting before you in a betting round, you may check which is like calling a bet of $0, or passing your turn.

Check-Raise: A check-raise is just what it sounds like -- a raise after you have already checked within a betting round. Check-raises can be used to trap a player who (for example) would have folded to a single bet, but who will open if it is checked to them.

Chips: Poker chips are small round discs used instead of money at the poker table. The ones used at casinos are typically made of clay, while home poker games often substitute cheaper plastic chips.

Community Cards: Face-up cards that are shared by all the players in a hand. Flop games have five community cards.

Cut: After the cards are shuffled but before they are dealt, usually the deck is split in the middle and the halves reversed.

Cold bluff: A large bluff made on a weak hand.

D

Dead: A dead card is a card that is no longer available to help you.

Deal: To deal is to give out the cards during a hand. The person who does this is called the dealer.

Dealer's Choice: A format in which the dealer is allowed to select the particular poker game that will be dealt. Sometimes this means before each hand, although a more sensible system (since in many games the dealer has a positional advantage) is one in which players take turns choosing the game for an entire round.

Declare: Declare games are games in which you must declare the value of your hand in order to claim the pot

Deuce: Twos are sometimes called deuces

Dominate: A starting hand that will almost always beat another starting hand is said to dominate that hand. For example, in hold'em, AK dominates K2. Most of the time K2 makes a playable hand; AK will make a better hand. However, a 2 might still spoil the party.

Don't tap on the aquarium: An exhortation by one player to another not to give lessons or otherwise enlighten the fish

Drop: To fold is to drop. To drop is to fold.

Dry pot: A side pot about to be created by the current bet that cannot be won by the player making the bet if anyone calls, in a situation in which that player also cannot possibly win the main pot.

E

Early position: In a poker game, the first few positions to the left of the dealer, or to the left of the obligatory blinds. Compare with late position. Some claim early position, in a game with eight or more players, is the first three positions.

Easy money: Easy pickings in a poker game; money won from inexperienced players.

Edge: The advantage a good player has in a poker game.

Equity: Your mathematical share of a pot, based on the amount in the pot and your chances of winning i

Expectation: Expectation is the rate of profit (or loss) you would expect to make if there were no variance or on average over a very large number of trials.

F

Face: The front of a card, that is, the side that shows its rank and suit, as opposed to the back. Also called front.

Family pot: A pot with a lot of players, sometimes as many as all at the table

Fish: A bad player. A terrible player. A player who will tend to give away lots of money.

Five Card Draw: Probably the most well known poker game, although it's not widely played in public cardroom anymore. Each player receives five cards. There is a round of betting, after which each player may draw a certain number of cards (house rules often stipulate how many may be drawn and under what circumstances). Then there is a second round of betting, and (if necessary) a showdown.

Flat Call: Flat call is a way of saying call that emphasizes the fact that the player didn't raise.

Fixed limit: Poker in which all bets are made in specified increments, that is, the size of each betting increment does not increase on any round of betting.

Floor man: The employee who seats players, brings new decks, keeps order, settles disputes, and sometimes sells chips to players

Flop: In Texas hold’em the first three community cards that a first turned round.

Flush: A hand in which all five cards share the same suit. When comparing two flushes, the hand with the highest card not in common is better.

Fold: To abandon your hand, usually because someone else has made a larger bet than you are willing to call.

Forced Bet: Just what it sounds like - a bet that one is forced to place, typically a blind bet or a bring-in.

Fourflush: A hand with four cards of the same suit. If there are no cards remaining to come (or to draw), a fourflush is not very useful.

Four of a Kind: Four cards of the same rank. Also called quads

Free Card: Whenever you get to see an additional card without having to call a bet, it's a free card

Freeroll: In hold'em, this happens when you and another player have the same hand at the moment, but you also have a draw to a better hand

Freezeout: Any tournament format in which you cannot re-buy. A freezeout is a good format for heads-up pot-limit or no-limit play, since the amount at stake can be fixed in advance, and the competitors can use arbitrarily valued chips as in tournaments.

Full House: A hand consisting of three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank. AAA33 is aces full of threes, often abbreviated to "aces full." To fill up is to draw to and make a full house. Also called a boat.

G

Green: Green is the most common color for $25 chips

H

Hand: Five cards in the possession of a player: who won the last game (hand)

Heads-Up: Play between only two players.

High: The high hand is simply the best hand. When playing a high-low split game, one is said to "win the high" when one has the best hand, while another player wins the low.

High-Low Split: In high-low split games, half the pot goes to the best hand (the high), and half to the worst (the low)

Hit: To hit (or miss) the flop means to match (or not to match) the flop in some way, usually to pair one of the flopped cards. You can also hit or miss on a draw, depending on whether or not the cards you were drawing for showed up

Hit and Run: A player who leaves the table shortly after scooping a big pot is sometimes described as playing hit and run poker, especially if they'd only been at the table a short time

House: The cardroom (management, owners, etc.) is the house. The house rakes money from the pot, has house rules, and when someone walks in, you might say they're "in the house.

Horse: Someone playing for you, with your money, or with money owed you

I

Implied Odds: Implied odds are similar to pot odds, except that the money in the pot is not actually there yet. In an extreme case, if you're first to call a bet, and you know for a certainty that the eight players to act after you will all call (and not raise), you have great implied odds

Insurance: In big bet poker, it is possible to reach a situation in which you are uncomfortable with the amount of money you have invested in a pot. To reduce variance, players will sometimes take insurance against an unfortunate outcome, essentially selling the actual outcome of the hand for its mathematical equity

J

Jam: To bet or raise the maximum, especially in no-limit, is to jam.

K

Kicker: The highest unpaired card in your hand that doesn't participate in a straight or flush - i.e., the card that does not contribute to the strength of your hand except by itself. For example, if you hold AA743, you have a pair of aces with a 7 kicker. Five card hands - straights, flushes, and full houses

Kill: A "kill" game is one in which a player may place an extra bet, causing the betting limits to go up for just that hand

L

Last position: Last to act in a particular round. . The card farthest from the door (front position) when the cards are held squeezed together. "How come the free peek is always in last position?

Limit (Limit Poker): Limit poker is any game in which there is a fixed limit on how much you can bet or raise in any round.

Loose: Playing loose simply means playing more hands and holding on to them longer

Limit: The size of the betting increments in a limit game. This will seem obvious to most, but the limit in a $2-limit game is $2. Also called betting limit.

Looking out the window: Describing a player who is not paying attention to the game or the action, often used in a situation in which you would very much appreciate if the player would take a great interest in the current hand.

M

Made Hand: A complete hand

Main pot: When a player goes all-in in a table stakes game, that player is only eligible to win the main pot - the pot consisting of those bets they were able to match

Middle Pair: If there are three cards of different ranks on the flop in hold'em, and you pair the middle one, you have middle pair

Middle position: In a poker game, somewhere between early position and late position, generally considered to be those players who would, on the first round of betting, act fourth, fifth, or sixth.

Money management: Playing in such a way as to minimize your losses and maximize your wins. Many players win a little and quit, no matter how well the game, but when they get stuck, they often lose far more than they win in any winning session in a desperate attempt to get even.

Move-in: The act of moving in, that is, putting everything in the pot.

N

No-Limit: As you might guess, any game in which there is no limit on the sizes of bets and raises. Note that in table stakes games, players are still limited to the amount of money they have in front of them

Nut hand: In a given situation, an unbeatable hand.

O

Odd chip: When splitting a pot sometimes a chip is left over, usually of the smallest denomination for the game. That chip is called the odd chip, and various rules come into play to determine which player gets the chip.

Odds: A ratio of two probabilities, usually the probability of making a hand to the probability of not making the hand. Thus if you have a 25% chance of making a hand, the odds are 3 to 1 against your making it. In poker, this is especially important in considering pot odds.

Offsuit: Not of the same suit, especially in reference to hole cards. Sometimes abbreviated to just "off.

Omaha: Omaha is a flop game similar to hold'em, but with two key differences. First, each player is dealt four cards instead of just two. Second, a hand must be made using exactly two pocket cards (out of those four) and three from the table. That is, if four suited cards hit the table, you still need two more to make a flush. And if you start with four aces, then you have a pair of aces, with little chance to improve. The high-low variant of Omaha, with an 8 or better qualifier for low, is especially popular.

Open bet: To open or open betting, is simply to make the first bet in a round.

open-ended straight: Four cards to a straight with no "holes" and with "room" at both ends, such that it can be made by, in the 52 card deck, eight cards, or, in the 53 card deck, nine cards, as 2-3-4-5 or 7-8-9-10 of mixed suits; the first can be made, in the 52-card deck, by any ace or 6, or, in the 53-card deck, by any ace, 6, or the joker. Also called eight-way straight, nine-way straight or double-ended straight.

Oral bet: A wager made by announcing the size of the bet but without actually putting any chips or money in the pot. In some (not all) establishments, verbal declarations made in turn are binding (see out of turn); nonetheless, cautious players wait till the chips are actually in the pot before either calling the bet or showing their hands. Also called mouth bet, verbal bet.

Overpair: In flop games, a pocket par higher than the highest card on the board. If you hold AA and the flop is K62, you have a nice overpair.

P

Pair: Two cards of the same number

Pass: To pass is to fold.

Passive: Passive is a style of play that is characterized by reluctance to bet and raise. This does not always mean tight. A typical loose-passive player will call with almost anything, but raise only with very powerful hands (see calling station).

Pay Off: To call a bet by a player you're reasonably sure has you beaten. Usually you ought to have some sort of reason to do this, other than just generosity

Pocket Pair: Two pocket cards of the same rank.

Poker: Poker isn't just a card game - its many card games. While no definition is going to satisfy everyone, the majority of poker games do share some common features, especially betting in rounds and the ranking of hands. Poker is commonly played in cardrooms (often within casinos) and in private home games (illegally in many states). The games played in cardrooms seem to divide into stud games, draw games, and flop games. In home games, however, anything goes, including games that seem to have no reason to be called poker. The varieties played in home games probably number in the hundreds, or even the thousands. Some common cardroom games include Texas Hold'em, Seven Card Stud, Omaha, Razz, Lowball, and Pineapple.

Position: Position refers to your place at the table, especially with respect to the order of betting within a particular betting round.

Position Bet: A position bet is a bet made more on the strength of one's position than on the strength of one's hand. A player on the button in hold'em is in good position to steal the pot if no one else opens.

Post: To post a bet is to place your chips in the pot (or, commonly, out in front of you, so that your bet can be counted). In poker, posting usually means a forced bet, such as a blind.

Pot: All the money in the middle of the poker table that goes to the winner of the hand is the pot. Any player who has not yet folded is said to be "in the pot." A player who has called an initial bet is said to have entered the pot

Pot-Limit: Any game in which the maximum bet or raise is the size of the pot. For raises, the size of the pot includes the call, so if the pot is $100 and player A bets $100, player B can throw $400 out for a maximum raise (calling the $100 and then raising the size of the $300 pot).

Pot Odds: The ratio of the amount of money in the pot to the amount of money it will cost you to call a bet.

Presto: A nickname for pocket 5's, usually in hold'em.

Provider: A provider is a poker player who makes the game profitable for the other players at the table. Similar in meaning to fish, although provider has a somehow less negative connotation.

Put On: To put someone on a hand (or on a draw) is to guess that that is what they are holding

Q

Quads: four of a kind

Quarter: To win one fourth of the pot is to be quartered. This is usually the result of splitting half the pot in a high-low split game

Quorum: The minimum number of players, usually six, required starting a poker game.

R

Rabbit: A weak player

Raise: After someone has opened betting in a round, to increase the amount of the bet is to raise. For example, if the betting limit is $5 and player A bets $5, player B can fold, call the $5, or raise it to $10.

Rake: The money removed from each pot by the house. Medium and high-limit games typically have a time charge rather than a rake.

Rebuy: In many tournaments, players are allowed to buy in again if they go broke or if their chip accumulation falls below a certain level, usually only during a predetermined amount of time, say the first hour of play or the first three levels. To do so is to rebuy.

Rank: Each card has a suit and a rank. The eight of diamonds and the eight of hearts have the same rank. A pair is two cards of the same rank.

Read: To read someone is to have a good idea from their play (or through tells) what their cards might be. To have a read on someone is to have a good understanding of how they play. Reading players is an important skill in poker

Re-buy: When you first sit down at a game, you buy in with a certain amount of money. Re-buying is what you do when you buy more chips before you leave.

Red: Red is the most common color for $5 chip.

Re-raise: Any raise after the first raise in a round. Player A bets, player B raises, player C (or A) re-raises. See also cap and check-raise.

Ring Game: A bunch of people playing poker for money at a table in a cardroom. The term ring game is used to differentiate such games from tournaments.

River: The last of five community cards in flop games (e.g. hold'em and Omaha). Sometimes called Fifth Street. Sometimes "river" is used to refer to the last card in non-flop games, such as seven car stud.

Rock: A player who plays an extremely tight, patient game is a rock. Rocks don't create a lot of action, and when they enter a pot, more often than not they're in as a favorite

Roll: Short for bankroll.

Rough: A hand of a particular type that will not beat many other hands of that type. Often used in low games to indicate non-nut low hands with a particular high card.

Royal Straight Flush: An ace high straight flush is a royal straight flush, or a royal flush, or just a royal. Some traditionalists dislike the phrase "royal flush" (preferring "ace high straight flush", but no one dislikes the hand. It's the most powerful hand in casino poker.

Rush: A player who wins a large number of pots in a short period of time is said to be on a rush

S

Sandbag: Sandbagging means concealing your strength for the purpose of increasing your profit. In poker, this usually means slow playing in the early betting rounds in order to extract more profit on the later rounds.

Scare Card: A card that when it appears makes a better hand more likely. In hold'em, a third suited card on the river is a scare card, because it makes a flush possible.

Scoop: To win an entire pot, especially in high-low split games.

Semi-bluff: mi-bluff is similar to a bluff, except that the semi-bluffer has some chance of making a winning hand. The idea behind a semi-bluff is that while neither the bluff nor the draw might be positive expectation, in combination they could be. Betting a weak draw is often only correct as a semi-bluff.

Set: Three of a kind with two in the hole.

Short Stack: A short stack is a stack that's too small to cover the likely betting in a hand. A player who has such a stack is said to be short-stacked.

Shorthanded: game is said to be shorthanded when it falls below a certain number of players. Most poker tables accommodate nine or ten players.

Showdown: When all the betting's done, if more than one player is still in the pot, showdown is the process of figuring out who wins. Usually the last player to open or raise is required to show their cards first, and anyone else can try to muck their cards if they decide they've lost

Show One Show All: Most cardrooms have a rule, generally referred to as "show one show all," that if a player shows their cards to anyone at the table they can be asked to show everyone else (even if they would ordinarily not be required to show their hand).

Shuffle: Before each hand, the dealer shuffles the cards - mixes them up in order to make their order as unpredictable as possible.

Split Pot: game that isn't high-low split, a hand in which two players show down the same hand (especially in games with community cards) results in a pot split between those two players

Stack: his amount of money you have in front of you on the poker table

Straight: posed of five cards of consecutive ranks (aces count as high or low). A2345 is a five high straight, or a straight to the five.

Straight Flush: A hand consisting of five cards of consecutive ranks of the same suit. A straight flush is the strongest possible hand. Of two straight flushes, the one with the highest high card is better.

T

Table: The word "table" can be used to refer to community cards, the poker table itself, or the players at the table as a group.

Table Change: you're playing at a public cardroom, and you'd like to play at a table other than the one you're currently at, you can ask the floor for a table change. Different cardrooms handle this differently, but typically you'll be moved as soon as an opening develops, and a player from the seating list will be moved into your seat.

Table Stakes: Table stakes is simply the (nearly universal) rule that a player may only wager money they have on the table at the beginning of a hand

Texas Hold'em: me in which each player gets two pocket cards, while five community cards are dealt face-up on the table. The strength of a player's hand is the best hand that can be made with these seven cards. There is a round of betting after the pocket cards are dealt, after the first three community cards (the flop), after the fourth, or turn card, and after the final, or river card.

Three of a kind: A poker hand, three cards of the same rank, plus two other unrelated cards

Two pair: A hand consisting of two cards of one rank, and two cards of another rank (and an unpaired card).

U

Under the gun: The first player to act after the blind bets is said to be under the gun.

Underdog: When two hands face off, the underdog is the one that's less likely to win than the other

V

Value: Value means the return you get on your investment; the expected increase in your equity in the pot (your return), as compared to the size of your bet or raise (your investment). Typically this means either that you believe you will receive action from inferior hands, or that the chance you will win the hand makes the bet worthwhile.

W

White: White is the most common color for $1 chips

Wild Card: A card that can serve as any other card in making your hand. For example, if tens are wild, and you have four aces and a ten, then your hand is five aces.
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Poker Glossary
[b][u]Glossary[/u][/b]

[u]A[/u]

[b]Act[/b]: To do something when it's your turn, one of: check, call, fold, open bet, and raise

[b]Add[/b] on: Some tournaments allow players the opportunity at a certain point to buy additional chips whilst the game is going on

[b]Advertise[/b][b]:[/b] Bluff in an obvious manner, or make a point of showing a bluff after winning with it.

[b]After-hours game:[/b] A private game, played after a cardroom closes for the night, often held in a motel or hotel room, and sometimes crooked.

[b]Aggressive[/b][b]:[/b] A style of play characterized by frequent raising and re-raising. Some players play their hand by the kind of hands they have and if they do like their hand then they play aggresiavialy with that hand

[b]Ahead:[/b] If the deal is one position to your right, you are [i]ahead[/i] [i]of[/i] the deal

[b]All-In[/b][b]:[/b] Moving their chips all into the pot or all into the bet leaving them with nothing

[b]Alone player[/b][b]:[/b] A card thief working with no confederates.

[b]Ammunition:[/b] A request for more chips

[b]Ante[/b][b]:[/b] A small forced bet that everyone at the table is required to pay before each hand.

[b]Aquarium:[/b] Place to find fish, as part of the phrase “Don’t tap on the Aquarium”

[b]Automatic:[/b] In a must bet situation

[i][u]B[/u][/i]

[b]Bad beat:[/b] The situation in which a strong hand is beaten by a long shot or improbable hand, particularly when the holder of the eventual winning hand should never have been in the pot in the first place.

[b]Backing:[/b] The cash supplied by a backer. How you going to get into the tournament? I thought you were broke. I have backing.

[b]Back into[/b]: Winning back into a hand unexpectedly or by default

[b]Backraise:[/b] Make a small raise to prevent further or larger raises, when the number of raises in a betting interval is limited

[b]Back seat:[/b] late position

[b]Back to back:[/b] I drew two cards and caught kings back to back.

[b]Bait:[/b] A small bet made to encourage a raise

[b]Bank:[/b] Cashier

[b]Bankroll:[/b] the total amount of money one is willing and able to put at risk. Many players keep their poker bankrolls separate from their other finances.

[b]Behind[/b][b]:[/b] Before the last cards have been dealt, you either have the best hand or you don't. If you don't, you're said to be behind

[b]Bend:[/b] Mark a card by creasing or folding slightly.

[b]Best flush:[/b] A form of draw poker found only in home games, in which only flushes win. If there are more than one flush, the best one wins, exactly as if two or more flushes were competing in an ordinary game.

[b]Best hand:[/b] A cheating technique, necessarily involving signals, in which only the best hand among two or more partners is played in any one pot, thereby saving the others money when that hand is beat, and reducing the difficulties of figuring out who gets how much at split time

[b]Best of it:[/b] When you have the edge over anyone at the table

[b]Bet:[/b] To bet is to put money into the pot, usually by opening as later action in a round is a raise or a re-raise

[b]Big Bet[/b][b]:[/b] Describing a pot -limit or no-limit game.

[b]Big Blind[/b][b]:[/b] A blind bet, or blind, is a forced bet that must be posted before you see any cards

[b]Big hand:[/b] A powerful hand, perhaps a full house or better in high poker, or a 6 or better in lowball

[b]Big limit[/b][b]:[/b] One of the largest games played in a particular establishment or area.

[b]Big player:[/b] A big-limit player, or someone who plays in large no-limit games.

[b]Black:[/b] Black is the most common color for $100 chips.

[b]Blind:[/b] It’s an automatic bet which goes straight into the pot before the cards are given out

[b]Blind Bet:[/b] A blind bet, or blind, is a forced bet that must be posted before you see any cards.

[b]Bluff[/b][b]:[/b] A bet with a weak hand (typically a busted hand), usually intended to get other players to fold. A bluffing player usually has little or no chance of winning a showdown, but may suspect that other players will fold if they have not made strong hands either.

[b]Bottom Pair[/b][b]:[/b] If there are three cards of different ranks on the flop in hold'em (or any flop game), and you pair the lowest one, you have bottom pair.

[b]Burn[/b][b]:[/b] In order to reduce the chances of players getting advance information about cards to come, in many games the top card on the deck is discarded at certain pre-determined points in the dealing process (e.g., in hold'em, before the flop, turn, and river).

[b]Bust[/b][b]:[/b] To run out of money, especially in a tournament.

[b]Busted Hand[/b][b]:[/b] A hand in poker without so much as a pair (i.e., any hand that will lose to a pair of 2's)

[b]Button[/b][b]:[/b] A button is a marker, usually a plastic disc, used to mark a particular position at the table. Usually "the button" refers specifically to the dealer button, used to mark the dealer position, or the player playing in that position

[b]Buy-In[/b][b]:[/b] The amount of money with which you enter a game is your buy-in.

[u]C[/u]

[b]Call:[/b] I match a bet: Putting in the same amount as the current bet.

[b]Calling Station[/b][b]:[/b] A player who calls much too often is called a calling station

[b]Cap[/b][b]:[/b] In limit games, the cap is the limit on the number of raises in a round of betting

[b]Cardroom[/b][b]:[/b] Cardrooms are the rooms in which poker is played, or the organizations that run those rooms

[b]Cards Speak[/b][b]:[/b] Cards speak is simply the rule that the value of your hand is determined solely by your cards. You don't have to declare your hand properly in order to claim the part of the pot you deserve

[b]Catch[/b][b]:[/b] When the cards are treating you well, you are said to be catching card

[b]Check[/b][b]:[/b] If there has been no betting before you in a betting round, you may check which is like calling a bet of $0, or passing your turn.

[b]Check-Raise[/b][b]:[/b] A check-raise is just what it sounds like -- a raise after you have already checked within a betting round. Check-raises can be used to trap a player who (for example) would have folded to a single bet, but who will open if it is checked to them.

[b]Chip[/b][b]s:[/b] Poker chips are small round discs used instead of money at the poker table. The ones used at casinos are typically made of clay, while home poker games often substitute cheaper plastic chips.

[b]Community Cards[/b][b]:[/b] Face-up cards that are shared by all the players in a hand. Flop games have five community cards.

[b]Cut[/b][b]:[/b] After the cards are shuffled but before they are dealt, usually the deck is split in the middle and the halves reversed.

[b]Cold bluff:[/b] A large bluff made on a weak hand.

[u]D[/u]

[b]Dead[/b][b]:[/b] A dead card is a card that is no longer available to help you.

[b]Deal[/b][b]:[/b] To deal is to give out the cards during a hand. The person who does this is called the dealer.

[b]Dealer's Choice[/b][b]:[/b] A format in which the dealer is allowed to select the particular poker game that will be dealt. Sometimes this means before each hand, although a more sensible system (since in many games the dealer has a positional advantage) is one in which players take turns choosing the game for an entire round.

[b]Declare[/b][b]:[/b] Declare games are games in which you must declare the value of your hand in order to claim the pot

[b]Deuce[/b][b]:[/b] Twos are sometimes called deuces

[b]Dominate[/b][b]:[/b] A starting hand that will almost always beat another starting hand is said to dominate that hand. For example, in hold'em, AK dominates K2. Most of the time K2 makes a playable hand; AK will make a better hand. However, a 2 might still spoil the party.

[b]Don't tap on the aquarium:[/b] An exhortation by one player to another not to give lessons or otherwise enlighten the fish

[b]Drop[/b][b]:[/b] To fold is to drop. To drop is to fold.

[b]Dry pot:[/b] A side pot about to be created by the current bet that cannot be won by the player making the bet if anyone calls, in a situation in which that player also cannot possibly win the main pot.

[u]E[/u]

[b]Early position[/b][b]:[/b] In a poker game, the first few positions to the left of the dealer, or to the left of the obligatory blinds. Compare with late position. Some claim [i]early position[/i], in a game with eight or more players, is the first three positions.

[b]Easy money:[/b] Easy pickings in a poker game; money won from inexperienced players.

[b]Edge:[/b] The advantage a good player has in a poker game.

[b]Equity[/b][b]:[/b] Your mathematical share of a pot, based on the amount in the pot and your chances of winning i

[b]Expectation[/b][b]:[/b] Expectation is the rate of profit (or loss) you would expect to make if there were no variance or on average over a very large number of trials.

[u]F[/u]

[b]Face:[/b] The front of a card, that is, the side that shows its rank and suit, as opposed to the back. Also called [i]front.[/i]

[b]Family pot:[/b] A pot with a lot of players, sometimes as many as all at the table

[b]Fish[/b][b]:[/b] A bad player. A terrible player. A player who will tend to give away lots of money.

[b]Five Card Draw[/b][b]:[/b] Probably the most well known poker game, although it's not widely played in public cardroom anymore. Each player receives five cards. There is a round of betting, after which each player may draw a certain number of cards (house rules often stipulate how many may be drawn and under what circumstances). Then there is a second round of betting, and (if necessary) a showdown.

[b]Flat Call[/b][b]:[/b] Flat call is a way of saying call that emphasizes the fact that the player didn't raise.

[b]Fixed limit:[/b] Poker in which all bets are made in specified increments, that is, the size of each betting increment does not increase on any round of betting.

[b]Floor man[/b][b]:[/b] The employee who seats players, brings new decks, keeps order, settles disputes, and sometimes sells chips to players

[b]Flop:[/b] In Texas hold’em the first three community cards that a first turned round.

[b]Flush[/b][b]:[/b] A hand in which all five cards share the same suit. When comparing two flushes, the hand with the highest card not in common is better.

[b]Fold[/b][b]:[/b] To abandon your hand, usually because someone else has made a larger bet than you are willing to call.

[b]Forced Bet[/b][b]:[/b] Just what it sounds like - a bet that one is forced to place, typically a blind bet or a bring-in.

[b]Fourflush[/b][b]:[/b] A hand with four cards of the same suit. If there are no cards remaining to come (or to draw), a fourflush is not very useful.

[b]Four of a Kind[/b][b]:[/b] Four cards of the same rank. Also called quads

[b]Free Card[/b][b]:[/b] Whenever you get to see an additional card without having to call a bet, it's a free card

[b] Freeroll:[/b] In hold'em, this happens when you and another player have the same hand at the moment, but you also have a draw to a better hand

[b]Freezeout[/b][b]:[/b] Any tournament format in which you cannot re-buy. A freezeout is a good format for heads-up pot-limit or no-limit play, since the amount at stake can be fixed in advance, and the competitors can use arbitrarily valued chips as in tournaments.

[b]Full House[/b][b]:[/b] A hand consisting of three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank. AAA33 is aces full of threes, often abbreviated to "aces full." To fill up is to draw to and make a full house. Also called a boat.

[u]G[/u]

[b]Green:[/b] Green is the most common color for $25 chips

[u]H[/u]

[b]Hand:[/b] Five cards in the possession of a player: who won the last game (hand)

[b]Heads-Up[/b][b]:[/b] Play between only two players.

[b]High[/b][b]:[/b] The high hand is simply the best hand. When playing a high-low split game, one is said to "win the high" when one has the best hand, while another player wins the low.

[b]High-Low Split[/b][b]:[/b] In high-low split games, half the pot goes to the best hand (the high), and half to the worst (the low)

[b]Hit[/b][b]:[/b] To hit (or miss) the flop means to match (or not to match) the flop in some way, usually to pair one of the flopped cards. You can also hit or miss on a draw, depending on whether or not the cards you were drawing for showed up

[b]Hit and Run[/b][b]:[/b] A player who leaves the table shortly after scooping a big pot is sometimes described as playing hit and run poker, especially if they'd only been at the table a short time

[b]House[/b][b]:[/b] The cardroom (management, owners, etc.) is the house. The house rakes money from the pot, has house rules, and when someone walks in, you might say they're "in the house.

[b]Horse:[/b] Someone playing for you, with your money, or with money owed you

[u]I[/u]

[b]Implied Odds[/b][b]:[/b] Implied odds are similar to pot odds, except that the money in the pot is not actually there yet. In an extreme case, if you're first to call a bet, and you know for a certainty that the eight players to act after you will all call (and not raise), you have great implied odds

[b]Insurance[/b][b]:[/b] In big bet poker, it is possible to reach a situation in which you are uncomfortable with the amount of money you have invested in a pot. To reduce variance, players will sometimes take insurance against an unfortunate outcome, essentially selling the actual outcome of the hand for its mathematical equity

[u]J[/u]

[b]Jam[/b][b]:[/b] To bet or raise the maximum, especially in no-limit, is to jam.

[u]K[/u]

[b]Kicker[/b][b]:[/b] The highest unpaired card in your hand that doesn't participate in a straight or flush - i.e., the card that does not contribute to the strength of your hand except by itself. For example, if you hold AA743, you have a pair of aces with a 7 kicker. Five card hands - straights, flushes, and full houses

[b]Kill[/b][b]:[/b] A "kill" game is one in which a player may place an extra bet, causing the betting limits to go up for just that hand

[u]L[/u]

[b]Last position:[/b] Last to act in a particular round. [b].[/b] The card farthest from the [b]door[/b] (front position) when the cards are held squeezed together. "How come the free peek is always in last position?

[b]Limit (Limit Poker)[/b][b]:[/b] Limit poker is any game in which there is a fixed limit on how much you can bet or raise in any round.

[b]Loose[/b][b]:[/b] Playing loose simply means playing more hands and holding on to them longer

[b]Limit:[/b] The size of the betting increments in a limit game. This will seem obvious to most, but the limit in a $2-limit game is $2. Also called [i]betting limit.[/i]

[b]Looking out the window:[/b] Describing a player who is not paying attention to the game or the action, often used in a situation in which you would very much appreciate if the player would take a great interest in the current hand.

[u]M[/u]

[b]Made Hand[/b]: A complete hand

[b]Main pot[/b][b]:[/b] When a player goes all-in in a table stakes game, that player is only eligible to win the main pot - the pot consisting of those bets they were able to match

[b]Middle Pair[/b][b]:[/b] If there are three cards of different ranks on the flop in hold'em, and you pair the middle one, you have middle pair

[b]Middle position:[/b] In a poker game, somewhere between early position and late position, generally considered to be those players who would, on the first round of betting, act fourth, fifth, or sixth.

[b]Money management:[/b] Playing in such a way as to minimize your losses and maximize your wins. Many players win a little and quit, no matter how well the game, but when they get stuck, they often lose far more than they win in any winning session in a desperate attempt to get even.

[b]Move-in:[/b] The act of moving in, that is, putting everything in the pot.

[u]N[/u]

[b]No-Limit:[/b] As you might guess, any game in which there is no limit on the sizes of bets and raises. Note that in table stakes games, players are still limited to the amount of money they have in front of them

[b]Nut hand:[/b] In a given situation, an unbeatable hand.

[u]O[/u]

[b]Odd chip:[/b] When splitting a pot sometimes a chip is left over, usually of the smallest denomination for the game. That chip is called the [i]odd chip[/i], and various rules come into play to determine which player gets the chip.

[b]Odds[/b][b]:[/b] A ratio of two probabilities, usually the probability of making a hand to the probability of not making the hand. Thus if you have a 25% chance of making a hand, the odds are 3 to 1 against your making it. In poker, this is especially important in considering pot odds.

[b]Offsuit:[/b] Not of the same suit, especially in reference to hole cards. Sometimes abbreviated to just "off.

[b]Omaha[/b][b]:[/b] Omaha is a flop game similar to hold'em, but with two key differences. First, each player is dealt four cards instead of just two. Second, a hand must be made using exactly two pocket cards (out of those four) and three from the table. That is, if four suited cards hit the table, you still need two more to make a flush. And if you start with four aces, then you have a pair of aces, with little chance to improve. The high-low variant of Omaha, with an 8 or better qualifier for low, is especially popular.

[b]Open bet:[/b] To open or open betting, is simply to make the first bet in a round.

[b]open-ended straight:[/b] Four cards to a straight with no "holes" and with "room" at both ends, such that it can be made by, in the 52 card deck, eight cards, or, in the 53 card deck, nine cards, as 2-3-4-5 or 7-8-9-10 of mixed suits; the first can be made, in the 52-card deck, by any ace or 6, or, in the 53-card deck, by any ace, 6, or the joker. Also called [i]eight-way straight[/i], [i]nine-way straight[/i] or [i]double-ended straight[/i].

[b]Oral bet:[/b] A wager made by announcing the size of the bet but without actually putting any chips or money in the pot. In some (not all) establishments, verbal declarations made in turn are binding (see out of turn); nonetheless, cautious players wait till the chips are actually in the pot before either calling the bet or showing their hands. Also called [i]mouth bet[/i], [i]verbal bet[/i].

[b]Overpair[/b][b]:[/b] In flop games, a pocket par higher than the highest card on the board. If you hold AA and the flop is K62, you have a nice overpair.

[u]P[/u]

[b]Pair[/b][b]:[/b] Two cards of the same number

[b]Pass[/b][b]:[/b] To pass is to fold.

[b]Passive[/b][b]:[/b] Passive is a style of play that is characterized by reluctance to bet and raise. This does not always mean tight. A typical loose-passive player will call with almost anything, but raise only with very powerful hands (see calling station).

[b]Pay Off[/b][b]:[/b] To call a bet by a player you're reasonably sure has you beaten. Usually you ought to have some sort of reason to do this, other than just generosity

[b]Pocket Pair[/b][b]:[/b] Two pocket cards of the same rank.

[b]Poker[/b][b]:[/b] Poker isn't just a card game - its many card games. While no definition is going to satisfy everyone, the majority of poker games do share some common features, especially betting in rounds and the ranking of hands. Poker is commonly played in cardrooms (often within casinos) and in private home games (illegally in many states). The games played in cardrooms seem to divide into stud games, draw games, and flop games. In home games, however, anything goes, including games that seem to have no reason to be called poker. The varieties played in home games probably number in the hundreds, or even the thousands. Some common cardroom games include Texas Hold'em, Seven Card Stud, Omaha, Razz, Lowball, and Pineapple.

[b]Position[/b][b]:[/b] Position refers to your place at the table, especially with respect to the order of betting within a particular betting round.

[b]Position Bet[/b][b]:[/b] A position bet is a bet made more on the strength of one's position than on the strength of one's hand. A player on the button in hold'em is in good position to steal the pot if no one else opens.

[b]Post[/b][b]:[/b] To post a bet is to place your chips in the pot (or, commonly, out in front of you, so that your bet can be counted). In poker, posting usually means a forced bet, such as a blind.

[b]Pot[/b][b]:[/b] All the money in the middle of the poker table that goes to the winner of the hand is the pot. Any player who has not yet folded is said to be "in the pot." A player who has called an initial bet is said to have entered the pot

[b]Pot-Limit[/b][b]:[/b] Any game in which the maximum bet or raise is the size of the pot. For raises, the size of the pot includes the call, so if the pot is $100 and player A bets $100, player B can throw $400 out for a maximum raise (calling the $100 and then raising the size of the $300 pot).

[b]Pot Odds[/b][b]:[/b] The ratio of the amount of money in the pot to the amount of money it will cost you to call a bet.

[b]Presto[/b][b]:[/b] A nickname for pocket 5's, usually in hold'em.

[b]Provider[/b][b]:[/b] A provider is a poker player who makes the game profitable for the other players at the table. Similar in meaning to fish, although provider has a somehow less negative connotation.

[b]Put On[/b][b]:[/b] To put someone on a hand (or on a draw) is to guess that that is what they are holding

[u]Q[/u]

[b]Quads[/b]: four of a kind

[b]Quarter[/b][b]:[/b] To win one fourth of the pot is to be quartered. This is usually the result of splitting half the pot in a high-low split game

[b]Quorum:[/b] The minimum number of players, usually six, required starting a poker game.

[u]R[/u]

[b]Rabbit:[/b] A weak player

[b]Raise:[/b] After someone has opened betting in a round, to increase the amount of the bet is to raise. For example, if the betting limit is $5 and player A bets $5, player B can fold, call the $5, or raise it to $10.

[b]Rake[/b][b]:[/b] The money removed from each pot by the house. Medium and high-limit games typically have a time charge rather than a rake.

[b]Rebuy:[/b] In many tournaments, players are allowed to buy in again if they go broke or if their chip accumulation falls below a certain level, usually only during a predetermined amount of time, say the first hour of play or the first three levels. To do so is to [i]rebuy[/i][i].[/i]

[b]Rank[/b][b]:[/b] Each card has a suit and a rank. The eight of diamonds and the eight of hearts have the same rank. A pair is two cards of the same rank.

[b]Read[/b][b]:[/b] To read someone is to have a good idea from their play (or through tells) what their cards might be. To have a read on someone is to have a good understanding of how they play. Reading players is an important skill in poker

[b]Re-buy[/b][b]:[/b] When you first sit down at a game, you buy in with a certain amount of money. Re-buying is what you do when you buy more chips before you leave.

[b]Red[/b][b]:[/b] Red is the most common color for $5 chip.

[b]Re-raise[/b][b]:[/b] Any raise after the first raise in a round. Player A bets, player B raises, player C (or A) re-raises. See also cap and check-raise.

[b]Ring Game[/b][b]:[/b] A bunch of people playing poker for money at a table in a cardroom. The term ring game is used to differentiate such games from tournaments.

[b]River[/b][b]:[/b] The last of five community cards in flop games (e.g. hold'em and Omaha). Sometimes called Fifth Street. Sometimes "river" is used to refer to the last card in non-flop games, such as seven car stud.

[b]Rock[/b][b]:[/b] A player who plays an extremely tight, patient game is a rock. Rocks don't create a lot of action, and when they enter a pot, more often than not they're in as a favorite

[b]Roll[/b][b]:[/b] Short for bankroll.

[b]Rough[/b][b]:[/b] A hand of a particular type that will not beat many other hands of that type. Often used in low games to indicate non-nut low hands with a particular high card.

[b]Royal Straight Flush[/b][b]:[/b] An ace high straight flush is a royal straight flush, or a royal flush, or just a royal. Some traditionalists dislike the phrase "royal flush" (preferring "ace high straight flush"), but no one dislikes the hand. It's the most powerful hand in casino poker.

[b]Rush[/b][b]:[/b] A player who wins a large number of pots in a short period of time is said to be on a rush

[u]S[/u]

[b]Sandbag[/b][b]:[/b] Sandbagging means concealing your strength for the purpose of increasing your profit. In poker, this usually means slow playing in the early betting rounds in order to extract more profit on the later rounds.

[b]Scare Card[/b][b]:[/b] A card that when it appears makes a better hand more likely. In hold'em, a third suited card on the river is a scare card, because it makes a flush possible.

[b]Scoop[/b][b]:[/b] To win an entire pot, especially in high-low split games.

[b]Semi-bluff[/b][b]:[/b] mi-bluff is similar to a bluff, except that the semi-bluffer has some chance of making a winning hand. The idea behind a semi-bluff is that while neither the bluff nor the draw might be positive expectation, in combination they could be. Betting a weak draw is often only correct as a semi-bluff.

[b]Set[/b][b]:[/b] Three of a kind with two in the hole.

[b]Short Stack[/b][b]:[/b] A short stack is a stack that's too small to cover the likely betting in a hand. A player who has such a stack is said to be short-stacked.

[b]Shorthanded[/b][b]:[/b] game is said to be shorthanded when it falls below a certain number of players. Most poker tables accommodate nine or ten players.

[b]Showdown[/b][b]:[/b] When all the betting's done, if more than one player is still in the pot, showdown is the process of figuring out who wins. Usually the last player to open or raise is required to show their cards first, and anyone else can try to muck their cards if they decide they've lost

[b]Show One Show All[/b][b]:[/b] Most cardrooms have a rule, generally referred to as "show one show all," that if a player shows their cards to anyone at the table they can be asked to show everyone else (even if they would ordinarily not be required to show their hand).

[b]Shuffle[/b][b]:[/b] Before each hand, the dealer shuffles the cards - mixes them up in order to make their order as unpredictable as possible.

[b]Split Pot[/b][b]:[/b] game that isn't high-low split, a hand in which two players show down the same hand (especially in games with community cards) results in a pot split between those two players

[b]Stack[/b][b]:[/b] his amount of money you have in front of you on the poker table

[b]Straight[/b][b]:[/b] posed of five cards of consecutive ranks (aces count as high or low). A2345 is a five high straight, or a straight to the five.

[b]Straight Flush[/b][b]:[/b] A hand consisting of five cards of consecutive ranks of the same suit. A straight flush is the strongest possible hand. Of two straight flushes, the one with the highest high card is better.

[u]T[/u]

[b]Table:[/b] The word "table" can be used to refer to community cards, the poker table itself, or the players at the table as a group.

[b]Table Change[/b][b]:[/b] you're playing at a public cardroom, and you'd like to play at a table other than the one you're currently at, you can ask the floor for a table change. Different cardrooms handle this differently, but typically you'll be moved as soon as an opening develops, and a player from the seating list will be moved into your seat.

[b]Table Stakes[/b][b]:[/b] Table stakes is simply the (nearly universal) rule that a player may only wager money they have on the table at the beginning of a hand

[b]Texas Hold'em[/b][b]:[/b] me in which each player gets two pocket cards, while five community cards are dealt face-up on the table. The strength of a player's hand is the best hand that can be made with these seven cards. There is a round of betting after the pocket cards are dealt, after the first three community cards (the flop), after the fourth, or turn card, and after the final, or river card.

[b]Three of a kind[/b][b]:[/b] A poker hand, three cards of the same rank, plus two other unrelated cards

[b]Two pair:[/b] A hand consisting of two cards of one rank, and two cards of another rank (and an unpaired card).

[u]U[/u]

[b]Under the gun[/b][b]:[/b] The first player to act after the blind bets is said to be under the gun.

[b]Underdog[/b][b]:[/b] When two hands face off, the underdog is the one that's less likely to win than the other

[u]V[/u]

[b]Value[/b][b]:[/b] Value means the return you get on your investment; the expected increase in your equity in the pot (your return), as compared to the size of your bet or raise (your investment). Typically this means either that you believe you will receive action from inferior hands, or that the chance you will win the hand makes the bet worthwhile.

[u]W[/u]

[b]White:[/b] White is the most common color for $1 chips

[b]Wild Card[/b][b]:[/b] A card that can serve as any other card in making your hand. For example, if tens are wild, and you have four aces and a ten, then your hand is five aces.
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